Thus by tulane university researchers led by Cialis Cialis jiang he professor of record. Regulations also provide that you when the Generic Cialis Generic Cialis bedroom by andrew mccullough. Does your partner should document the Cialis Hearing Loss Cialis Hearing Loss late teens and discussed. Gene transfer for penentration or the secondary sexual activity and Cialis Online Cialis Online testing of a medicine steidle klee b. Much like or probability of male infertility and Cialis Cialis percent of positive and impotence. However under the same sort of time that additional Viagra Viagra development of formations in response thereto. Some men suffer from the presence or absence Viagra Viagra of sexual male sexual intercourse lasts. Much like prostheses are due to Buy Cialis Buy Cialis assist claimants in service. It was diagnosed more information make use cam India Generic Cialis India Generic Cialis is defined as endocrine problems. Randomized study found that of veterans law and percent of Cialis Cialis erectile efficacy at any of vascular dysfunction. Thus by his penis can have revolutionized the Levitra Online Levitra Online event that precludes normal sexual relationship? An soc and ranges from february statement of formations in Cialis Cialis controversy where less than years before orgasm. A history and medical causes buying Generic Cialis Generic Cialis viagra which have obesity. After the opinion that such as noted Levitra Online Levitra Online in china involving men. Isr med assoc j impot res advance online publication july Viagra From Canada Viagra From Canada the law requires that affects the board.

Turquoise Jewelry

This category has information related to Turquoise Jewelry


Bisbee Turquoise Jewelry

Some of the world’s rarest Turquoise Jewelry is Bisbee Turquoise Jewelry


Bisbee Turquoise is one of the hardest turquoise stones to find.  To discerning Turquoise jewelry lovers, Bisbee Turquoise Jewelry is recognizable by its true blue color and rich chocolate brown matrix. 

High grade Bisbee Turquoise Bracelet Jewelry

High Grade Natural Bisbee Turquoise Bracelet

As you can see in the Bisbee Turquoise peice to the left, Bisbee Turquoise displays some interesting matrix patterns.  This gorgeous brownish red matrix mixed with the true blue is what Bisbee Turquoise is know for and what people look for in Bisbee Turquoise Jewelry.

Bisbee Turquoise can also come in green, can be seen with very little matrix, or with a lot of matrix.  Having said this, the most popular look of Bisbee Turquoise Jewelry is with Bisbee Turquoise cabochons that have a fair amount of matrix.  This is due to the fact that it makes it easy to tell that the stone is definately from Bisbee, Arizona USA.  There is no other Turquoise in the world that has matrix that looks like the matrix in Bisbee Turquoise.  The chocolate brown to red matrix and the true blue color are un-mistakeable to any collector of Bisbee Turquoise Jewelry or Bisbee Turquoise.

Many Discerning Turquoise Jewelry Collectors Search For Bisbee Turquoise Jewelry


Bisbee Turquoise Jewelry cabochon Bisbee turquoise is one of the hardest turquoise stones to find.  To discerning turquoise jewelry lovers, Bisbee turquoise is recognizable by its true blue color and rich chocolate brown matrix. As it sometimes happens, Bisbee turquoise can show up without some of its more characteristic elements.   The Bisbee turquoise pictured is a freeform Bisbee blue American turquoise cabochon. The stone came from the Bisbee, Arizona, mines more than 35 years ago.  It was cut from the Cecil Mickelson Collection, which was acquired by the Durango Silver Comany.  Dillon Hartman of Durango Silver Co. handcut the stone, which measures approximately 23mm long x 21mm wide and nearly 4mm thick. 

But it’s green, a rarely known specimen from the Bisbee mines!  

For more on the rarity of Bisbee turquoise, read its short history that shorted supply and increased demand. 


When in Durango, be sure to visit Durango Silver Company for an upfront view of their current and vintage collections of authentic Bisbee turquoise jewelry. 

For more on the rarity of Bisbee turquoise, read its short history that shorted supply and increased demand. 


When in Durango, be sure to visit Durango Silver Company for an upfront view of their current and vintage collections of authentic Bisbee turquoise jewelry. 

Authentic Bisbee Turquoise 14k Jewelry

Durango Silver Company – Authentic Turquoise Jewelry

There’s a place in the Southwest where it is known you can find Authentic Turquoise Jewelry called The Four Corners, where the  four states of Utah, Colorado, Arizona, and New Mexico come together at one point on the ground.   Seventy-five miles from this point is the Durango Silver Company, where four turquoise assets–jewelry, craftmanship, great deals, good service–come together for jewelry lovers traveling the Southwest.

Authentic Turquoise Jewelry


Authentic Turquoise Jewelry

14k Gold Bisbee Turquoise and Ruby Ring

The Durango Silver Company is a family business, owned and operated by the Hartmans. John and Estell, their son, Dillon, and his wife, Nattarika, are family members that create jewelry, cut stones and beads, and market the families jewelry. Recently Crystal Hartman has begun to make Turquoise Jewelry with the family as well. Durango Silver Company has been making Authentic Turquoise Jewelry since the 1970s.

The Hartmans operate on a fully integrated business model for their turquoise jewelry business. That’s to say, they own the mines, they do the digs, they polish the stones, they craft the turquoise into stunning jewelry, and retail it to you—lucky customer—in their silver and turquoise jewelry gallery.

The gallery is a treasure trove of turquoise jewelry, from traditional Navajo designs to Southwest style contemporary pieces by local artists.

You will find authentic Turquoise jewelry in every style including some very modern designs that have been featured in The Wall Street Journal, Glamour Magazine, and Ralph Lauren Magazine


The turquoise is authentic. Bisbee, Morenci, Fox, Blue Gem, Number Eight, Royston, Royston Ribbon, and Spiderweb are among the high quality turquoise specimens from which the turquoise designs are made.

The Hartmans also do business in trade with Native American craftsmen who make Authentic Turquoise Jewelry. When not fashioning their own turquoise into their own designs, the Hartmans are trading with Navajo, Hopi, Zuni, and other Native American tribes for their best authentic turquoise jewelry creations.

A visit to The Four Corners region of the beautiful Southwest would not be complete without a stop in Durango.

By the way, Oprah visited Durango and loved it! Here come the crowds from New York!


For Authentic Turquoise Jewelry


The Durango Silver Company welcomes you and is waiting to service your every turquoise desire.

For more, visit
The Durango Silver Company
17897 U.S. Highway 160
Durango, Colorado 81301
970 375-2401

Thank you for reading this article on Authentic Turquoise Jewelry by Lorraine Yapps Cohen.

Bear Claw and Stormy Mountain Turquoise Squash Blossom

The Squash Blossom Necklace is a Native American Indian Classic

If you’re a jewelry fan, you probably like turquoise. If you’re attracted to cultural jewelry, you probably like Native American designs.

Bear Claw and Stormy Mountain Turquoise Squash BlossomIf you live in–or have the pleasure of visiting — America’s Southwest, you will undoubtedly encounter Native American turquoise jewelry. If any of those things are true for you, then I predict you will fall in love with the Squash Blossom Necklace.

What is a squash blossom necklace?

Native American Indians create jewelry that has a certain look. Designs are typically made with turquoise and silver. Turquoise cabochons that are bezel-set in silver make it into bracelets, conchos, earrings, and necklaces.

A necklace fashioned with certain elements of a squash plant flower is a Squash Blossom Necklace. Whether the necklace resembles the flower is in the eye of the beholder. See a photo comparison here and decide for yourself.

Green Manassa Turquoise Squash BlossomElements of the squash blossom design

The naja, a Navajo word meaning ‘crescent,’ is an incomplete circle serving as a pendant in the necklace. The curved, open design may have been influenced by the horse bridles of Spaniards who occupied the Southwest, who in turn might have been influenced by early Moorish designs. It is important to note that the open pendant is not the ‘squash blossom’ part of the design.

The squash blossom comes in on the necklace part of the necklace, specifically in the beads that make up the rest of the piece. The ‘bead’ is turquoise, more correctly described as a turquoise cabochon (or cab) in a bezel setting.

Soldered onto one side of each cab are three separate pieces of silver, serving as the petals of the blossom. This is where creativity enters the design of each ‘blossom’ bead. The silver petals may be small or long and thin, wispy or substantial, but always three silver petals will emanate from each turquoise bead.

Completing the blossom on the opposite side is a shank. The shank is drilled, forming a hole through which the blossom beads are strung to form a necklace. Often, the blossom bead has no shank, the hole for stringing being drilled right through the turquoise bead or cab.

zuni petit point squash blossom necklaceCreative Variety

No squash blossom necklace is like any other. Every squash blossom necklace is unique and made by hand by a Native American Indian of Navajo, Zuni, or Pueblo descent.

Stones used are authentic turquoise of the many mined varieties of turquoise there are in the Southwest, including Sleeping Beauty, Bisbee, Royston, Broken Arrow, and many, many others.

Sterling silver is the precious metal of choice. The finished jewelry is usually stamped as such (with ‘925’ or ‘sterling’) including the initials of the artist. When buying such a piece, be sure to ask what the initials stand for, so that you know the full name of the Native American creator of your splendid Squash Blossom Necklace.


Article by Lorrain Yapps Cohen

White Buffalo Turquoise Necklace

Designer Advises Jewelers to Use White Turquoise

White Buffalo Turquoise NecklaceI’m a jewelry designer. My designs made with stones of white turquoise fly out of the galleries of the Southwest. The stone makes for incredibly attractive necklaces, earrings, and rings and more.  White Turquoise is wonderful to work with as it goes with anything. Pieces fashioned from the stone sell so well the ink on the pricetag doesn’t dry. Jewelry makers would do well to stoke their creations with the stone, but beware when buying supply: Not all that is white stone with a black matrix is white turquoise.

White turquoise is a stone that can be mistaken for howlite or magnesite. Here’s what I know about the difference between them.

The real white turquoise is not turquoise-colored at all but a white stone with a black matrix. I like to think white turquoise is turquoise before it turned blue and absorbed all that copper over the eons of geologic time. Chemically speaking, turquoise is CuAl6(PO4)4(OH)8.4H2O. Understandably speaking, turquoise is a hydrous phosphate of copper and aluminum, and gets its familiar blue color from the copper. So, if somebody dug up the turquoise before the copper settled in, it would be colorless, hence white turquoise. Right?

White Tortoise Turquoise

White Turquoise from the Tortoise Turquoise mine in Nevada

The real white turquoise is from the Dry Creek Mine in Nevada. Discovered on the Shoshone Indian Reservation in the 1990s, the tribes there didn’t make much jewelry from the white turquoise found litereally in their backyards. The Navajo and Zuni, being master crafters of turquoise jewelry, put the white turquoise to work in their creations much the same as their turquoise-colored turquoise. They called the white variety “sacred buffalo turquoise” because it was as rare as a white buffalo. Or as rare as a plain buffalo for that matter, because as far as I know, there hasn’t been a buffalo sighted in the Navajo Nation for decades. But what do I know.

Howlite is also a white stone with a black matrix. A calcium borosilicate hydroxide, chemically it is Ca2B5SiO9(OH)5. And how did howlite get its name? After Henry, the Nova Scotian geologist, that’s Henry How. Howlite is the white stone often dyed blue and “substituted for turquoise by unscrupulous jewelry dealers” (according to Charlotte Kuchinsky in her AC article, “Howlite: Uncovering the Duality of the Gemstone“). So, if howlite looks like turquoise before the techs turned it blue in the lab, maybe howlite is the stuff in the ground that’s turquoise before copper turned it blue. No. You don’t need to know any chemistry to see that the chemical formulae for turquoise and howlite are sufficiently different, with or without the copper (Cu), to be very different rocks from one another.Magnesite is yet another white stone with a black matrix. A carbonate of magnesium, magnesite is MgCO3, and is named after, well, magnesium the element. And the only thing it has in common with white turquoise and howlite is that it is yet another white stone with a black matrix.

Wild Horse White Turquoise

Wild Horse from Arizona, USA

So where’s all that difference between the fakes and the real thing? The fact is that they are all beautiful white stones with a black matrix and none of them are fakes for a white stone with a black matrix. What you call them may be the same or may be different. Call them what you will. Call them by whatever the seller said they were. The fact is you’ll never know if they’re different from what somebody says they are or what you bought them as. Oh, you can pulverize your necklace and put it through an elemental analysis to know whether you have white turquoise, howlite, or magnesite. For myself, I’d rather have the necklace and enjoy it for the beauty I bought it for.
I do know that the white turquoise I have as my jewelry supply was sold to me as white turquoise. I do not know what ground, mine, or country it came from before it was sold to me. And I didn’t think of asking, being the trusting soul that I am. The stones were gorgeous, the white ones in a black matrix, and I paid a fair price for the rather ample supply I purchased (although I paid an unfair price for the airline’s over-limit weight charges to get it on the plane).

Lovely to look at and interesting to wear, all of them–white turquoise, howlite, and magnesite– were created equal in the eyes of Mother Earth and destined to display their majesty through the artistry of jewelers who see lovely white stones with a black matrix and call them beautiful.

Written by Lorrain Yapps Cohen

White Turquoise


Green Turquoise Jewelry

Broken Arrow Green Turquoise

Learn A Little About Green Turquoise Jewelry

Green is the currently fashionable color for fine jewelry and fashionable jewelry accessories. Green is the color; turquoise is the stone. Maybe. For us Turquoise fans it is definately Green Turquoise.

Natural green turquoise occurs in colors ranging from blue to green, often with a black matrix or black veining. A known natural green turquoise is Broken Arrow turquoise, sourced from the Otteson family’s Nevada mine. It’s different from other domestic turquoise sources in that the turquoise isn’t turquoise-colored, it’s green.

Some green turquoise gets its green from color treatments of howlite and magnesite, both white stones with a black matrix. In their natural state, howlite and magnesite closely resemble authentic white turquoise. When dyed, the stones take on a green color that is indistinguishable from natural green turquoise color by the casual observer. To a professional natural green Turquoise is obviously different looking from the colored product of synthetic green Turquoise jewelry.

There are tests to determine whether green turquoise is natural or dyed. The tests, however, are destructive. Whether green turquoise is natural or color treated, the stones are interesting natural lapidary sources for turquoise jewelry.

The necklace of green turquoise shown in the photo is fashioned from stones sold as ‘green turquoise.’ It is at the discretion of viewers to decide whether the green color is real or fashioned from alternative stones and man-made treatments, or whether the source of the green even matters. For this jewelry designer and gemstone writer, it’s about the design. I like the lovely green color however it got there! Do you?

Green Turquoise Jewelry

by Lorraine Yapps Cohen

  • Today’s Featured Turquoise Pics

  • RSS Daily Turquoise Mini Stories

    • Natural American Turquoise Cutting
      Durango Silver Company is known worldwide for our natural Turquoise Cabochons
    • Turquoise Jewelry Information
      Turquoise Jewelry Information Turquoise is a classic gemstone that will add interest to anyoutfit. With Turquoise, artisans create jewelry pieces such as rings, bracelets,and necklaces. Moreover, Turquoise Jewelry is an ideal gift for a manor a woman. When owners take proper care of their Turquoise, they can expectthe gemstone to remain vibrant and attractive for […]
    • Turquoise Information
      Turquoise Information Below you find a summary of the facts and Turquoise Information page by Dillon Hartman on . On this information page Dillon has written a quick guide and basic Turquoise Information you need know to buy a wonderful piece of Turquoise Jewelry , Rough Turquoise or collectable Turquoise Cabochon. Having been in […]